Valentines Day History and valentine’s day origin : Valentine’s Day occurs every Valentine Day. The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery.Across the us and in other places round the world, candy, flowers and gifts are exchanged between loved ones, beat the name of St. Valentine. But who is that this mysterious saint and where did these traditions come from? determine about the history of Valentine’s Day, from the traditional Roman ritual of Lupercalia that welcomed spring to the card-giving customs of Victorian England.
The Legend of St. Valentine
The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, which St. Valentine’s Day, as we all know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and the way did he become related to this ancient rite?Valentines Day History
The Catholic Church recognizes a minimum of three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men.
Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers secretly . When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death. Still others insist that it had been Saint Valentine of Terni, a bishop, who was truth namesake of the vacation . He, too, was beheaded by Claudius II outside Rome.
Other stories suggest that Valentine may are killed for attempting to assist Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. consistent with one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the primary “valentine” greeting himself after he fell crazy with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement.
Before his death, it’s alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that’s still in use today. Although the reality behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the center Ages, perhaps because of this reputation, Valentine would become one among the foremost popular saints in England and France.
Origins of Valentine’s Day: A Pagan Festival in February
While some believe that Valentine’s Day is widely known within the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to put St. Valentine’s fete day within the middle of February in an attempt to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, also on the Roman founders Romulus and Remus. Valentines Day History
To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to possess been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification.
they might then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and fancy the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. faraway from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it had been believed to form them more fertile within the coming year. Later within the day, consistent with legend, all the young women within the city would place their names during a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a reputation and become paired for the year together with his chosen woman. These matches often led to marriage.
Valentine’s Day: each day of Romance
Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity but was outlawed—as it had been deemed “un-Christian”–at the top of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared Valentine Day St. Valentine’s Day. it had been not until much later, however, that the day became definitively related to love. During the center Ages, it had been commonly believed in France and England that Valentine Day was the start of birds’ mating season, which added to the thought that the center of Valentine’s Day should be each day for love .
English poet Chaucer was the primary to record St. Valentine’s Day as each day of romantic celebration in his 1375 poem “Parliament of Foules,” writing, ““For this was sent on Seynt Valentyne’s day / Whan every foul cometh the to settle on his mate.”
Valentine greetings were popular as far back because the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to seem until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still alive today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned within the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now a part of the manuscript collection of British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it’s believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois. Valentines Day History
Typical Valentine’s Day Greetings
In addition to the us , Valentine’s Day is widely known in Canada, Mexico, the uk , France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated round the 17th century. By the center of the 18th, it had been common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to exchange written letters thanks to improvements in printing technology.
Ready-made cards were a simple way for people to precise their emotions during a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to a rise within the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.
Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines within the early 1700s. within the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the primary mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, referred to as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures referred to as “scrap.” Today, consistent with the card Association, an estimated 145 million Valentine’s Day cards are sent annually , making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year (more cards are sent at Christmas). Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.
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