When is Baisakhi : Baisakhi or Vaisakhi, the harvest festival, is widely known with great enthusiasm to mark the start of the new spring and is widely known in most of India because the New Year by Hindus. It signifies the top of the harvest season in India, marking a time of prosperity for the farmers. Also called as Vaisakhi, it’s a festival of tremendous joy and celebration. Baisakhi is particularly significant to Punjab and Haryana, due to the massive Sikh population who celebrate this festival with tons of energy and vigour. This festival is widely known as Pohela Boishakh in West Bengal , Puthandu in Tamil Nadu , Bohag Bihu in Assam, Pooram Vishu’in Kerala, Bihu in Uttarakhand, Maha Vishuva Sankranti in Odisha, and Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
The festival of Baisakhi falls on the primary day of Vaisakh month (April-May) consistent with the Sikh Calendar. For this reason, Baisakhi is additionally mentioned as Vaisakhi. Baisakhi also marks the Punjabi New Year . consistent with English calendar, the date of Baisakhi corresponds to April 13 per annum and Pan American Day once in every 36 years. This variation is thanks to the festival being observed as per the Indian calendar . This year Baisakhi falls on 13 April.
Baisakhi Celebrations in Punjab
The Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi by bathing within the holy river and visiting the Gurudwaras, where they participate within the prayers held during the day. Baisakhi gets everyone into the festive mood, and other people wish to dance their heart out. Special celebrations occur at the Talwandi Sabo, where Guru Gobind Singh recompiled the sacred Adi Granth , the Gurudwara at Anandpur Sahib, where Khalsa was born, and therefore the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Farmers thank God for the bountiful harvest and pray for prosperity within the coming year. The phrase ‘Jatta Aayi Baisakhi’ is loudly declared across the fields by gleeful farmers as they passionately dance in celebration, an exciting way of greeting the festival.
After the prayers or Ardas, the Karah Prasad is obtainable to the guru then distributed among the people. this is often followed by a special guru-ka-langur or community lunch at the Gurudwaras, following which the procession of Nagar Kirtan is administered through the streets, where devotional songs are sung by beat honour of this sacred observance, while revellers take the celebration with the enthusiastic and vibrant display of song and dance within the most colourful garb.
Baisakhi Customs and Traditions
As a celebration of the new spring, Vaisakhi is an event which sees men, women and youngsters commemorate this joyous occasion by buying new attire, picking the foremost lively and dynamic of the lot to reflect the atmosphere of happiness felt throughout the gang . Traditional Punjabi attire for men includes the turban with the fan-like adornment worn with a kurta, a waistcoat, the rumaal or scarf, and therefore the lungi tied around their waist, while the ladies wear the customary garments of Salwar Kameez with the foremost festive and ostentatious jewellery. The multi-coloured brilliance of this attire reflects the perky and bubbly nature of the Punjabi way of living.
Multiple food stalls are found out at the Baisakhi fairs to stay the crowds refreshed and energised as they party all night. Quintessentially Punjabi cuisine like Chhole Bature, Achari mutton, Chicken saagwala, Sarson ka saag, kadhi chawal, dry fruit kheer and therefore the famous lassi are ever-present at the fair. These gastronomic delights are representative of the good love of food and flavour displayed by the people of Punjab.
Dances Performed During Baisakhi
The traditional dances of Bhangra and Gidda are performed during Baisakhi to the beat of the drums in open fields creating an environment of zest and joy. At some places, fairs are held where people bring out their happiness and perform acrobatics. Men, women and youngsters adorn themselves in colourful clothes and jewellery while they excitedly participate within the festivities.
The Baisakhi Procession, also referred to as Nagar Kirtan, is a crucial a part of the celebrations in Punjab. the foremost scripture Adi Granth is taken out with honour by traditionally dressed Panj Piaras, also referred to as the five senior religious Sikhs, and a crucial a part of the Khals traditions. Baisakhi processions move through the streets and lanes of the town , amid music, singing and chanting of scriptures and hymns. an outsized number of devotees participate within the Baisakhi processions.
During the Baisakhi processions, children and youth demonstrate their skills in martial arts along side the drummers and bands around, and men swinging swords making the event more colourful. beat all, it’s safe to mention that every year, the festival of Baisakhi marks a replacement chapter within the lifetime of people.
History and Significance of Baisakhi
Baisakhi was one among the three festivals that the third Sikh Guru, Guru Amar Das, chose to be celebrated by the Sikhs. In 1699, the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Teg Bahadur, was publicly beheaded by the Mughals. This occurred thanks to his willingness to oppose the Mughal invaders and protect the cultural identity of Hindus and Sikhs whom the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb wanted to convert to Islam. On Baisakhi day of 1699, his son, Guru Gobind Rai, rallied the Sikhs and inspired them through his words and actions, bestowing upon them and himself the title of Singh or lion, thus becoming Guru Gobind Singh. The five Ks of Sikhism were adopted, and therefore the Guru system was dispelled, with Sikhs being urged to simply accept the Adi Granth because the eternal guide. Thus, the festival of Baisakhi is observed because the coronation of the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, also because the foundation of the Khalsa Panth of Sikhism, granting it an edge of immense importance to Sikhism, and is one among the most important Sikh festivals.
Baisakhi was also the day of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in 1919, when British colonists trapped and murdered a peaceful assembly of Indians, acting as a serious catalyst within the Indian freedom struggle.